A01 Reproductive lifespan by germ cell funtion

A01_01 Chromosome-mediated regulation of reproductive lifespan

We will reveal mechanisms for the long-term maintenance of chromosome functions and their aging-associated deterioration by using the mouse as a model, with pioneering efforts to establish the naked mole rat as a new model for germ cell research.

A01_02 Acquisition and maintenance of germ cell function

Understanding of the dynamics of the gene network, cellular environment, and metabolic state for the acquisition of oocyte dormancy, the key state for maintenance of female reproductive longevity.

We will reconstitute cellular and molecular network conferring oocyte dormancy using in vitro culture system. With a high resolution live-imaging system, we will reveal the dynamics of the gene network, cellular environment, and metabolic state for the acquisition of the oocyte dormancy.

A01_03 Metabolic regulation of reproductive lifespan

Using multi-omics analysis, including metabolomics and proteomics, we aim to elucidate changes in metabolic characteristics and their regulation throughout the reproductive lifespan of germ cells, and to modulate the reproductive lifespan via nutritional environments.

A02 Reproductive lifespan for next generation

A02_01 Germline clonal dynamics for the next generation

Life-long clonal dynamics of germline and sperm stem cells with harmful de novo mutation

Focusing on the mechanisms of sperm stem cell maintenance and their population dynamics under homeostasis, this project is to elucidate the mechanisms by which stem cell clones harboring mutation harmful to the next generation expand in a non-neutral manner.

A02_02 Genome stability for the next generation

Our goal is to unravel the molecular basis of genome stability in spermatogonial stem cells and its functional implications for spermatogenesis and subsequent generations. Through a comparative analysis between mice and marmosets, we will investigate the regulatory dynamics and genome stability of primate spermatogonial stem cells.

A02_03 Inheritance of mitochondrial genome for the next generation

Mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) are inherited from mother to child by maternal inheritance. We have observed an interesting phenomenon that the frequency of inheritance of mutant mtDNA to the next generation changes with aging of the mother mouse, and we will elucidate its mechanism.

A03 Technology development for reproductive lifespan research

A03_01 Spatial omics analysis technology for reproductive lifespan

We will examine the spatiotemporal patterns governing germ cell function through the utilization of the Photo-Isolation Chemistry (PIC) technique, which enables the acquisition of local transcriptomic and epigenomic data from tissues and cells.

A03_02 Measuring RNA kinetics in germ cells during reproductive life span

We will develop the RNA kinetics recording, which enables simultaneous quantification of the rates of RNA synthesis and degradation, for analysis at the single-cell level. Furthermore, by integrating this method with the PIC method, we will determine the spatially resolved rates of RNA synthesis and degradation in germ cells.

A03_03 Manipulation techniques for reproductive lifespan

Development of technology to manipulate epigenome and RNA dynamics of oocytes and preimplantation embryos, development of evaluation systems for oocytes using nuclear transferred embryos, and development of technology to control placental enlargement.

We will develop reproductive engineering technologies using nuclear transferred embryos as a model, and develop technologies to manipulate the reproductive lifespan, such as working with A01_01 on technologies to normalize chromosome segregation in aged oocytes.